Equivalents ~ Liquid & Dry

Liquid Measures
1 gal = 4 qt = 8 pt = 16 cups = 128 fl oz
1/2 gal = 2 qt = 4 pt = 8 cups = 64 fl oz
1/4 gal = 1 qt = 2 pt = 4 cups = 32 fl oz
1/2 qt = 1 pt = 2 cups = 16 fl oz
1/4 qt = 1/2 pt = 1 cup = 8 fl oz
Dry Measures
1 cup = 16 Tbsp = 48 tsp = 250ml
3/4 cup = 12 Tbsp = 36 tsp = 175ml
2/3 cup = 10 2/3 Tbsp = 32 tsp = 150ml
1/2 cup = 8 Tbsp = 24 tsp = 125ml
1/3 cup = 5 1/3 Tbsp = 16 tsp = 75ml
1/4 cup = 4 Tbsp = 12 tsp = 50ml
1/8 cup = 2 Tbsp = 6 tsp = 30ml
1 Tbsp = 3 tsp = 15ml
 


Measurements Guide

3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon
4 tablespoons = 1/4 cup
5 tablespoons + 1 teaspoon = 1/3 cup
8 tablespoons = 1/2 cup
1 cup = 1/2 pint
2 cups = 1 pint
4 cups (2 pints) = 1 quart
4 quarts = 1 gallon
16 ounces = 1 pound
Dash or pinch = less than 1/8 teaspoon

 


Common Abbreviations

t = teaspoon
tsp = teaspoon
T = tablespoon
Tbsp = tablespoon
c = cup
oz = ounce
pt = pint
qt = quart
gal = gallon
lb = pound
# = pound

 

Common Ingredients--Yields & Equivalents

Food If Your Recipe States You Will Need Approximately
Apples 1 cup sliced or chopped

1 lb
1 medium (6 oz)

3 medium
Apricots, dried halves 1 cup 5 oz
Asparagus 16 to 20 stalks 1 lb
Bacon 1/2 cup crumbled 8 slices, crisply cooked
Bananas 1 cup sliced

1 cup mashed
1 medium or 2 small

2 medium
Beans, dried 5 to 6 cups cooked 1 lb dried (2 1/4 cups)
Beans, green or wax 3 cups 1-inch pieces 1 lb
Bread, white 12 slices (1/2 inch)

1 cup soft crumbs

1 cup dry crumbs
1-lb loaf

1 1/2 slices

4 to 5 slices, oven-dried
Broccoli 1 bunch

2 cups flowerets, 1-inch pieces or chopped
1 1/2 lb

6 oz
Butter, margarine or spread 2 cups

1/2 cup
1 lb

1 stick
Cabbage
Green
Slaw (bag)
1 medium head

4 cups shredded

7 cups
1 1/2 lb

1 lb

16 oz
Carrots 1 medium

1 cup shredded

1 cup 1/4-inch slices
7 inches

1 1/2 medium

2 medium
Cauliflower 1 medium head

3 cups flowerets
2 lb (with leaves)

1 lb
Celery 1 medium bunch

1 cup thinly sliced or chopped
2 lb (11 inches)

2 medium stalks
Cheese
Hard (such as blue,
Cheddar, feta,
mozzarella, Swiss),
shredded or crumbled

Cottage

Cream
 
1 cup
 
 


2 cups

1 cup
 
4 oz
 
 


16 oz

8 oz
Chocolate
Chips unsweetened or

semisweet baking
 
1 cup

1 square or bar
 
6 oz

1 oz
Corn, sweet 1 medium ear

1 cup kernels
8 oz

2 medium ears
Cream
Sour

Whipping (heavy)
 
1 cup

1 cup (2 cups whipped)
 
8 oz

1/2 pt
Crumbs, finely crushed
Chocolate wafer cookie

Graham cracker

Saltine cracker

Vanilla wafer cookie
 
1 1/2 cups

1 1/2 cups

1 cup

1 1/2 cups
 
27 cookies

21 squares

29 squares

38 cookies
Eggs, large
Whole

1 cup

1 egg

4 large eggs

1/4 cup fat-free cholesterol-free egg product
Flour 3 1/2 cups 1 lb
Garlic 1/2 teaspoon finely chopped 1 medium clove
Lemons or limes 1 1/2 to 3 tsp grated peel

2 to 3 Tbsp juice
1 medium

1 medium
Lettuce
Iceberg or romaine
1 medium head

2 cups shredded

6 cups bite-size pieces
1 1/2 lb

5 oz

1 lb
Marshmallows 1 large 10 miniature
Meat, cooked (beef, pork and poultry)
1 cup chopped or bite-size pieces
6 oz
Mushrooms
Fresh



Canned

6 cups sliced

2 1/2 cups chopped

4-oz can sliced, drained

1 lb

8 oz

2/3 cup fresh, sliced and cooked (5 oz uncooked)
Nuts - shelled
Chopped, sliced or
slivered

Whole or halves
 
1 cup


3 to 4 cups
 
4 oz


1 lb
Olives
Pimiento-stuffed

Ripe, pitted
 
1 cup sliced

1 cup sliced
 
24 large or 36 small

32 medium
Onions
Green, with tops





Yellow or white
 
1 medium

2 Tbsp chopped

1/4 cup sliced

1 medium

1/2 cup chopped
 
1/2 oz

2 medium

3 or 4 medium

3 oz

1 medium
Oranges 1 to 2 Tbsp grated peel

1/3 to 1/2 cup juice
1 medium

1 medium
Pasta
Macaroni

Noodles, egg

Spaghetti
 
4 cups cooked

4 cups cooked

4 cups cooked
 
6 to 7 oz uncooked (2 cups)

7 oz uncooked (4 to 5 cups)

7 to 8 oz uncooked
Peppers, bell 1/2 cup chopped

1 cup chopped

1 1/2 cups chopped
1 small

1 medium

1 large
Potatoes
New

Red, white, sweet
or yams

Red or White
 
10 to 12 small

1 medium


1 cup 1/2-inch pieces
 
1 1/2 lb

5 to 6 oz


1 medium
Rice
Brown

Parboiled (converted)

Precooked white (instant)

Regular long grain

Wild
 
4 cups cooked

3 to 4 cups cooked

2 cups cooked


3 cups cooked

3 cups cooked
 
1 cup uncooked

1 cup uncooked

1 cup uncooked


1 cup uncooked

1 cup uncooked
Shrimp (uncooked, with shells)
Jumbo

Large

Medium

Small
 

1 lb

1 lb

1 lb

1 lb
 

21 to 25 count

31 to 35 count

41 to 45 count

51 to 60 count
Shrimp (cooked without shells) 1 lb 1 1/3 lb uncooked (with shells)
Sugar
Brown

Granulated

Powdered
 
2 1/4 cups packed

2 1/4 cups

4 cups
 
1 lb

1 lb

1 lb
Tomatoes 3/4 cup chopped (1 medium)

1 cup chopped

1/2 cup chopped
5 oz

1 large

1 small

 

Emergency Substitutions
If you must make a substitution for a recommended ingredient, try the following:

Instead of: Amount Use:
Arborio rice 1 cup uncooked 1 cup uncooked short-grain white rice, regular long-grain rice or brown rice
Baking powder 1 tsp 1/4 tsp baking soda plus 1/2 tsp cream of tartar
Balsamic vinegar 1 Tbsp 1 Tbsp sherry or cider vinegar
Beer 1 cup 1 cup nonalcoholic beer, apple cider or beef broth
Bread crumbs, dry 1/4 cup 1/4 cup finely crushed cracker crumbs, corn flakes or quick-cooking or old-fashioned oats
Broth, chicken, beef or vegetable
1 cup 1 tsp chicken, beef or vegetable bouillon granules (or 1 cube) dissolved in 1 cup boiling water
Brown sugar, packed
1 cup
1 cup granulated sugar mixed with 2 Tbsp molasses or dark corn syrup
Buttermilk or sour milk 1 cup 1 Tbsp lemon juice or white vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup; let stand a few minutes. Or 1 cup plain yogurt.
Chocolate
Semisweet baking


Semisweet chips

Unsweetened baking

1 oz


1 cup

1 oz

1 oz unsweetened baking chocolate plus 1 Tbsp sugar

6 oz semisweet baking chocolate, chopped

3 Tbsp baking cocoa plus 1 Tbsp vegetable oil or melted shortening or margarine
Cornstarch 1 Tbsp 2 Tbsp all-purpose flour or 4 tsp quick-cooking tapioca
Corn syrup
Light

Dark
 
1 cup

1 cup
 
1 cup granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup water

1 cup light corn syrup; 3/4 cup light corn syrup plus 1/4 cup molasses; 1 cup maple-flavored syrup
Eggs 1 large 2 egg whites; 1/4 cup fat-free cholesterol-free egg product; 2 egg yolks (for custard or puddings); or 2 egg yolks plus 1 Tbsp water (for cookies or bars)
Flour
All-purpose

Cake

Self-rising
 
1 cup

1 cup

1 cup
 
1 cup plus 2 Tbsp cake flour

1 cup minus 2 Tbsp all-purpose flour

1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 tsp baking powder and 1/2 tsp salt
Garlic, finely chopped
1 medium clove
1/8 tsp garlic powder or 1/4 tsp instant minced garlic
Gingerroot, grated or finely chopped 1 tsp 3/4 tsp ground ginger
Herbs, chopped fresh 1 Tbsp 3/4 to 1 tsp dried herbs
Lemon juice, fresh 1 Tbsp 1 Tbsp bottled lemon juice or white vinegar
Lemon peel, grated 1 tsp 1 tsp dried lemon peel
Milk, regular or low-fat 1 cup 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water; or nonfat dry milk prepared as directed on package
Mushrooms, fresh 1 cup cooked sliced
1 can (4 oz) mushroom pieces and stems, drained
Mustard, yellow 1 Tbsp 1 tsp ground mustard
Poultry seasoning 1 tsp 1/4 tsp ground thyme plus 3/4 tsp ground sage
Pumpkin or apple pie spice 1 tsp Mix 1/2 tsp ground cinnamon, 1/4 tsp ground ginger, 1/8 tsp ground allspice and 1/8 tsp ground nutmeg.
Sour cream 1 cup 1 cup plain yogurt
Tomato juice 1 cup 1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water
Tomato paste 1/2 cup 1 cup tomato sauce cooked uncovered to reduce to 1/2 cup
Tomato sauce 2 cups 3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water
Tomatoes, canned 1 cup About 1 1/3 cups cut-up fresh tomatoes, simmered 10 min
Wine,
Red


White
 
1 cup


1 cup
 
1 cup nonalcoholic wine, apple cider, beef broth, tomato juice or water

1 cup nonalcoholic wine, white grape juice, apple juice, chicken broth or water
Yeast, regular or quick active dry 1 pkg
(1/4 oz)
2 1/4 tsp regular or quick active dry or 1 package (0.6 oz) compressed cake yeast
Yogurt, plain 1 cup 1 cup sour cream
Metric Conversion Guide

Volume
U.S. Units Canadian Metric Australian Metric
1/4 teaspoon 1 mL 1 ml
1/2 teaspoon 2 mL 2 ml
1 teaspoon 5 mL 5 ml
1 tablespoon 15 mL 20 ml
1/4 cup 50 mL 60 ml
1/3 cup 75 mL 80 ml
1/2 cup 125 mL 125 ml
2/3 cup 150 mL 170 ml
3/4 cup 175 mL 190 ml
1 cup 250 mL 250 ml
1 quart 1 liter 1 liter
1 1/2 quarts 1.5 liters 1.5 liters
2 quarts 2 liters 2 liters
2 1/2 quarts 2.5 liters 2.5 liters
3 quarts 3 liters 3 liters
4 quarts 4 liters 4 liters
Measurements
Inches Centimeters
1 2.5
2 5.0
3 7.5
4 10.0
5 12.5
6 15.0
7 17.5
8 20.5
9 23.0
10 25.5
11 28.0
12 30.5
13 33.0
14 35.5
15 38.0
 
Weight
U.S. Units Canadian Metric Australian Metric
1 ounce 30 grams 30 grams
2 ounces 55 grams 60 grams
3 ounces 85 grams 90 grams
4 ounces (1/4 pound) 115 grams 125 grams
8 ounces (1/2 pound) 225 grams 225 grams
16 ounces (1 pound) 455 grams 500 grams
1 pound 455 grams 1/2 kilogram
2 pounds 910 grams 1 kilogram
Temperatures
Fahrenheit Celsius
32 0
212 100
250 120
275 140
300 150
325 160
350 180
375 190
400 200
425 220
450 230
475 240
500 260

 

Refrigerator and Freezer Storage Guide

Foods Refrigerator
(34F to 40F)
Freezer
(0F or Below)
Breads, Coffee cakes, Muffins 5 to 7 days 2 to 3 months
Butter Up to 2 weeks, if opened Up to 2 months
Cakes 3 to 5 days 3 to 4 months unfrosted
2 to 3 months frosted
Cheesecakes, baked 3 to 5 days 4 to 5 months
Chocolate syrup 3 months, after opening  
Dairy foods (milk, yogurt, cheese) Check package labels  
Eggs
Raw and in the shell

Cooked
 
3 weeks

1 week
 
Not recommended

Not recommended
Ice cream, Sorbet and Frozen Yogurt Freeze only 2 to 4 months
Jams and Jellies 1 year  
Margarine or spread Up to 1 month, if opened Up to 2 months
Meats, cooked, including meats purchased at the deli 3 to 5 days 2 to 3 months
Meats, processed
Cold cuts


Cured bacon

Hot dogs


Ham, canned, unopened

Ham, whole or half, cooked

Ham, slices, fully cooked
 
Check date on package
3 to 5 days after opening

5 to 7 days after opening

Check date on package
2 weeks after opening

Check date on can

5 to 7 days

3 to 4 days
 
Not recommended


Up to 1 month

1 to 2 months


Check date on can

1 to 2 months

1 to 2 months
Meats, uncooked
Chops

Ground

Roasts and steaks
 
3 to 5 days

1 to 2 days

3 to 5 days
 
4 to 6 months

3 to 4 months

6 to 12 months
Olives 2 months after opening  
Pasta, fresh Check date on package 9 months, unopened
3 months, opened
Pickles 2 months after opening  
Poultry
Cooked, including poultry purchased at the deli

Uncooked, cut up

Uncooked, whole (including game birds, ducks and geese)
 
3 to 4 days


1 to 2 days

1 to 2 days
 
4 months


Up to 9 months

Up to 12 months
Seafood
Fish, uncooked

Shellfish, cooked

Shellfish, uncooked
 
1 to 2 days

3 to 4 days

1 to 2 days
 
2 to 3 months

1 to 2 months

3 to 4 months